Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Children (CES-DC)
Escala de avaliação da depressão para criançasOriginal Version
Weissman, M. M., Orvaschel, H. & Padian, N. (1980)Portuguese Version
Cunha, M., Carvalho, C., & Cherpe, S (2013)General Description
The CES-DC is a 20-item self-report depression inventory with possible scores ranging from 0 to 60. Each response to an item is scored as follows:0 = “Not At All”; 1 = “A Little” 2 = “Some” 3 = “A Lot”. The items 4, 8, 12, and 16 are phrased positively, and thus are scored in the opposite order. Higher CES-DC scores indicate increasing levels of depression. In Portuguese version factor analysis revealed three factors (mood, interpersonal relationships and happiness) that explain 54% of the variance. The results show that the scale has an excellent internal consistency (α = 0,90), good temporal stability (r = 0,72) as an adequate convergent and divergent validity.
Carvalho, C., Cunha, M., Cherpe, S., Galhardo, A., & Couto, M. (2015). Validação da versão portuguesa da Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Children (CES-DC). Revista Portuguesa de Investigação Comportamental e Social, 2, 38-52. doi:10.7342/ismt.rpics.2016.2.1.18 http://hdl.handle.net/10316/46872
Weissman, M. M., Orvaschel, H. & Padian, N. (1980). Children’s symptom and social functioning self-report scales. Comparison of mothers’ and children’s reports. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 168(12), 736-740.