◂ Back

Auto-avaliação dos factores de Risco do Aluno (AFRA)

Title of the Portuguese Version

Auto-avaliação dos factores de Risco do Aluno

Original Version

Miguel, R. R., Rijo, D., & Nobre-Lima, L. (2013)

General Description

Research has been emphasizing the role of individual risk factors relating to school failure and dropout. In order to overcome the absence of an instrument to assess the cognitive and behavioral factors associated to school failure a specific self-report tool was developed to respond to this need. Student’s Self-Assessment Risk Factors Scale (SSARFS) encompasses 54 items, organized into 8 empirical dimensions – behavioral and self-regulation problems, rejection by peers, low academic self-concept, devaluation of school, performance anxiety, poor study routines, low self-efficacy, and distrust towards teachers. SSARFS assesses adolescents attending between the 5th and 9th grade and it was validated with samples of students between 10 and 18 years old. SSARFS presented accuracy in distinguishing between different levels of school achievement and between students with and without hold-backs.

  • Miguel, R. R., Rijo, D., & Nobre-Lima, L. (2013). Insucesso escolar e factores de risco do aluno – Validação de uma medida de auto-reposta numa amostra alargada de alunos do 2º e 3º ciclo do ensino básico. Laboratório de Psicologia, 11, 143-161. doi:10.14417/lp.11.2.681 http://hdl.handle.net/10316/46675


Daniel Rijo – drijo@fpce.uc.pt