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Balanced Measure of Psychological Needs Scale (BMPN)

Title of the Portuguese Version

Escala Balanceada de Necessidades Psicológicas Básicas

Original Version

Sheldon & Hilpert, 2012

Portuguese Version

Cordeiro, P., Paixão, P., Lens, W., & Sheldon, K. (2015)

General Description

The BMPN (18 items) comprises six 3-item subscales measuring autonomy satisfaction (F1: items 1, 2, 3; e.g., “My choices are based on my true interests and values”), competence satisfaction (F2: items 4, 5, 6; e.g., “I am successful at completing difficult tasks and projects”) and relatedness satisfaction (F3: items 7, 8, 9; e.g., “I feel a sense of contact with people who care for me, and whom I care for”). Three additional three-item subscales measure autonomy dissatisfaction, (F4: items 10, 11, 12; e.g. “I do things against my will”), competence dissatisfaction (F5: items 13, 14, 15; e.g., “I do stupid things, that make me feel incompetent”), and relatedness dissatisfaction (F6: items 16, 17, 18; e.g., “I feel unappreciated by one or more important people”). A 5-point Likert scale, ranging from 1 = no agreement to 5 = much agreement, was used to rate the items. Targeted population: adolescents and adults

  • Cordeiro, P. (2016).Cognitive-motivational determinants of career decision-making processes: Validation of a conceptual model. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation.Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences of the University of Coimbra. http://hdl.handle.net/10316/47431


Pedro Cordeiro – pedrcordeiro@gmail.com

Maria Paula Paixão – mppaixao@fpce.uc.pt