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Chronic Illness Shame Scale (CISS)

Original Version

Trindade, I. A., Ferreira, C., & Pinto-Gouveia, J. (2017)

General Description

Chronic Illness Shame Scale (CISS) is a unidimensional self‐report scale specifically designed to measure shame feelings (internal and external shame) associated with the experience of having an illness and/or its symptomatology. The CISS is composed of seven items measured on a 5‐point Likert scale (from 0—Never True to 4—Always True). This self-report measure was proved as a robust valid instrument, with Cronbach’s alphas between 0.91 and 0.93.

  • Trindade, I. A., Ferreira, C., & Pinto-Gouveia, J. (2017). Chronic illness-related shame: Development of a new scale and novel approach for IBD patients’ depressive symptomatology. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 24, 255-263. doi:10.1002/cpp.2035. http://hdl.handle.net/10316/46823


Inês A. Trindade – almeidatrindade@fpce.uc.pt