Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS)
Escala de Dificuldades na Regulação EmocionalOriginal Version
Gratz, K.L., & Roemer, L. (2004)Portuguese Version
Veloso, M., Pinto-Gouveia, J., & Dinis, A. (2011)General Description
The DERS was developed to assess difficulties within the following dimensions of emotion regulation: (1) awareness and understanding of emotions; (2) acceptance of emotions; (3) the ability to engage in goal-directed behavior, and refrain from impulsive behavior, when experiencing negative emotions; and (4) access to emotion regulation strategies perceived as effective. The scale consists of 36-items which statements should be rated on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (almost never) to 5 (almost always). The scale is composed by 6 dimensions:
After recoding the inverse items it is possible to obtain a total score (adding all the 36 items) or a score for each subscale. Higher scores indicated greater difficulties in emotion regulation. The Portuguese version of DERS showed a good level of internal consistency for the total scale, an adequate temporal stability for all subscales and good convergent and discriminant validities.
Gratz, K.L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional Assessment of Emotion Regulation and Dysregulation: Development, Factor Structure, and Initial Validation of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26(1), 41-54.
Veloso, M., Pinto-Gouveia, J., & Dinis, A. (2011). Estudos de validação com a versão portuguesa da Escala de Dificuldades na Regulação Emocional (EDRE). Psychologica, 54, 87-110.