Early Memories of Warmth and Safeness Scale - Adolescents (EMWSS-A)
Escala de Memórias Precoces de Calor e Segurança para AdolescentesOriginal Version
Richter A., Gilbert P., & McEwan, K. (2009)Portuguese Version
Cunha, M., Matos, M., Pinto Gouveia, J., & Xavier, A. (2011)General Description
The EMWSS-A is a self-report questionnaire that measures recall of feeling warm, safe and cared for in childhood, i.e., early positive memories of warmth and affect (e.g., “I felt secure and safe”; “I felt that I was a cherished member of my family”). This is a 21-item scale rated on a 5-point Likert scale (0= No, never; 1= Yes, but rarely; 2= Yes, sometimes; 3= Yes, often; 4= Yes, most of the time). The confirmatory factor analysis of the Portuguese version of the EMWSS-A presented, like its original version, an interpretable single component structure, excellent estimated internal consistency, good test–retest reliability, and convergence with similar scales.
Cunha, M., Xavier, A., Martinho, I., & Matos, M. (2014). Measuring positive emotional memories in adolescents: Psychometric properties and confirmatory factor analysis of the Early Memories of Warmth and Safeness Scale. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 14, 245-259. http://hdl.handle.net/10316/46868
Richter A, Gilbert P, & McEwan K (2009). Development of an early memories of warmth and safeness scale and its relationship to psychopathology. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 82, 171-184. doi:10.1348/147608308X395213