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Emotional Eating Scale (EES)

Title of the Portuguese Version

Escala de Alimentação Emocional

Original Version

Arnow, B., Kenardy, J., & Agras, W. S. (1995)

Portuguese Version

Duarte, C., & Pinto-Gouveia, J. (2015)

General Description

EES is a 25-item scale with three factor analytically derived subscales: anger, anxiety and depression. Participants rate the extent to which certain feelings lead to the urge to eat using a 5-point scale ranging from “no desire to eat” to “an overwhelming urge to eat.”

  • Arnow, B., Kenardy, J., & Agras, W. S. (1995). The Emotional Eating Scale: The development of a measure to assess coping with negative affect by eating. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 18, 79-90. doi:10.1002/1098-108X(199507)18:1%3C79::AID-EAT2260180109%3E3.0.CO;2-V

  • Duarte, C., & Pinto-Gouveia, J. (2015). Returning to emotional eating: The psychometric properties of the EES and association with body image flexibility. Eating and Weight Disorders, 20, 497-504. doi:10.1007s40519-015-0186-z


Cristiana Duarte – c.duarte@leeds.ac.uk