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Emotional Expressivity Scale (EES)

Title of the Portuguese Version

Escala de Expressividade Emocional

Original Version

Kring, A. M., Smith, D. A., & Neale, J. M. (1994)

Portuguese Version

Dinis, A., Pinto-Gouveia, J., & Xavier, A. (2011)

General Description

The EES is a 17-item unidimensional scale that measures the extent to which people outwardly display their emotions regardless of emotional valence or channel of expression. The response format for the EES is a 6-point Likert scale (1 = never true and 6 = always true), with higher scores suggesting a higher emotional expressivity. The Portuguese version of EES showed an accurate internal consistency, temporal stability, and good convergent and divergent validities.

  • Dinis, A., Pinto-Gouveia, J., & Xavier, A. (2011). Estudo das características psicométricas da versão portuguesa da Escala de Expressividade Emocional. Psychologica, 54, 111-137.

  • Kring, A. M., Smith, D. A., & Neale, J. M. (1994). Individual differences in dispositional expressiveness: Development and validation of the Emotional Expressivity Scale. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 934-949. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.66.5.934


José Pinto-Gouveia – jpgouveia@fpce.uc.pt

Alexandra Dinis – alexandra.m.b.dinis@gmail.com

Ana Xavier – ana.mj.xavier@gmail.com