External and Internal Shame Scale for Adolescents (EISS-A)

Title of the Portuguese Version

Escala de Vergonha Externa e Interna para Adolescentes (EVEI-A)

Original Version

Cunha, M., Silva, P., Galhardo, A., & Ferreira, C. (2018)

General Description

The External and Internal Shame Scale for Adolescents (EISS-A) consists of eight items that assess internal (e.g., “I am isolated”) and external shame (e.g., “Other people don´t understand me”). The items are answered according to a 5-point scale (0 = “never” and 4 = “always”). The EISS-A allows the assessment of both internal and external shame as well as a global sense of shame. The higher the score, the greater the global sense of shame.

  • Cunha, M., Silva, P., Ferreira, C., & Galhardo, A. (2021). Measuring shame in adolescents: Validation studies of the External and Internal Shame Scale in a community sample. Child & Youth Care Forum,1-19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10566-021-09607-3


Marina Cunha – marina_cunha@ismt.pt