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New Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale (ESFPN)

Title of the Portuguese Version

Escala de Suporte e Frustração Parental das Necessidades

Original Version

Chen, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Beyers, W., Boone, L., Deci, E.L., Deeder, J., Lens, W., Matos, L., Mouratidis, A., Ryan, R.M., Sheldon, K., Soenens, B., Petegem, S. V., Verstuyf, J. (2014)

Portuguese Version

Cordeiro, P., Paixão, M. P., Lens, W., Lacante, M., & Sheldon, K. (2015)

General Description

The New Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scaleis a 18-item self-report scale measuring basic psychological need-satisfaction and need-frustration. The instrument comprises six independent scales. Three scales comprise 9 positively-worded items to measure the satisfaction of autonomy (e.g., “I feel a sense of choice and freedom in the things I undertake”), competence (e.g., “I feel confident that I can do things well”) and relatedness (e.g., “I feel close and connected with other people who are important to me”). The three remaining scales include 9 negatively-worded items to assess the frustration of autonomy (e.g., “I feel pressured to do too many things”), competence (e.g., “I feel insecure about my abilities”) and relatedness (e.g., “I feel the relationships I have are just superficial”). The items are rated on a 5-point Likert scale, ranging from 1 (“Completely untrue”) to 5 (“Completely true”). Target population: adolescents and adults

  • Cordeiro, P. (2016).Cognitive-motivational determinants of career decision-making processes: Validation of a conceptual model. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation.Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences of the University of Coimbra. http://hdl.handle.net/10316/47431


Pedro Cordeiro – pedrcordeiro@gmail.com

Maria Paula Paixão – mppaixao@fpce.uc.pt