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The Compassionate Engagement and Action Scales (CEAS)

Title of the Portuguese Version

Escala de Engagment e Ações Compassivas para adolescentes (EEAC-A)

Original Version

Gilbert, P., Catarino, F., Duarte, C., Matos, M., Kolts, R., Stubbs, J., Ceresatto, L., Duarte, J., Pinto-Gouveia, J., & Basran, J. (2017)

Portuguese Version

Cunha, M., Matos, M., Gilbert, P., Pinto-Gouveia, J., & Duarte, C. (2016)

General Description

The Compassionate Engagement and Actions Scale for adolescents (CEAS-A) aims to assess compassion on three directions: self-compassion (SCS), compassion to others (CTOS) or compassion received from others (CFOS). Each of these scales encompasses two sections: 1) Compassionate Engagement, consisting of 8 items that assess motivation and the ability to deal with suffering with a warm and accepting attitude 2) the Compassionate Actions section, consisting of 5 items focused on helpful and tolerant ways to deal with negative emotions and thoughts in difficult situations. Items are answered on a 10-point response scale where 1 corresponds to Never and 10 to Always. The total of each section results from the sum of its component items, excluding reverse coded items (items 3 and 7 from the Engagement section and item 3 from the Actions section). The higher the score, the greater the compassion directed to oneself, to others and the ability of receiving compassion from others.

  • Cunha, M., Rodrigues, C., Matos, M., Galhardo, A., & Couto, M. (2017). Compassionate Attributes and Action Scale for Adolescents: adaptation and validation (EV0094). European Psychiatry, 41, S434, S1-S910. doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.01.423

  • Gilbert, P., Catarino, F., Duarte, C., Matos, M., Kolts, R., Stubbs, J., . . . Basran, J. (2017). The development of compassionate engagement and action scales for self and others. Journal of Compassionate Health Care, 4, 4. doi:10.1186/s40639-017-0033-3

  • Cunha, M., Galhardo, A., Gilbert, P., Rodrigues, C., & Matos, M. (2021). The flows of compassion in adolescents as measured by the Compassionate Engagement and Action Scales. Current Psychology, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-02097-5


Marina Cunha – marina_cunha@ismt.pt

Marcela Matos – marcela.s.matos@gmail.com