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The Forms of Self-criticizing/Attacking and Self-reassuring Scale (FSCRS)

Title of the Portuguese Version

Escala da Formas do Autocriticismo e Autotranquilização

Original Version

Gilbert, P., Clarke, M., Hempel, S., Miles, J.N.V., & Irons, C. (2004)

Portuguese Version

Castilho, P., Pinto-Gouveia, J., & Duarte, J. (2014)

General Description

The Forms of Self-Criticizing/attacking and Self-reassuring Scale (FSCRS; Gilbert et al., 2004; Portuguese version by Castilho & Pinto-Gouveia, 2011b) is a 22-item self-report questionnaire in which participants are asked to rate how they typically think and react when things go wrong for them. To a first probe statement: “When things go wrong for me…” participants respond on a 5-point Likert scale (ranging from 0 = not at all like me to 4 = extremely like me). A factor analysis of the scale suggested three factors:

  • Inadequate Self (e.g. ‘I think that I deserve my self-criticism’; ‘I remember and dwell on my failings’);
  • Hated Self (e.g. ‘I stop caring about myself’; ‘I do not like being me’);
  • Reassured Self (e.g. ‘I still like being me’; ‘I can feel lovable and acceptable’).
  • Barreto Carvalho, C, Benevides, J., Sousa, M., Cabral, J. & da Motta, C. (2016). Forms of Self-Criticizing and Self-Reassuring Scale: Adaptation and early findings in a sample of Portuguese children [Abstract]. BMC Health Services Research, 16, O165. doi:10.1186/s12913-016-1423-5

  • Castilho, P., Pinto-Gouveia, J., & Duarte, J. (2014). Exploring Self-criticism: Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the FSCRS in Clinical and Nonclinical Samples. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 22, 153-164. doi:10.1002/cpp.1881 http://hdl.handle.net/10316/47401

  • Gilbert, P., Clarke, M., Hempel, S., Miles, J.N.V., & Irons, C. (2004). Criticizing and reassuring oneself: An exploration of forms, styles and reasons in female students. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43, 31-50. doi:10.1348/014466504772812959


Paula Castilho – paulacastilho@fpce.uc.pt

José Pinto-Gouveia – jpgouveia@fpce.uc.pt

Joana Duarte – joana.fm.duarte@gmail.com