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Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ-S3)

Title of the Portuguese Version

Questionário de Esquemas de Young

Original Version

Young, J. ( 2005)

Portuguese Version

Pinto-Gouveia, J., Rijo, D., & Salvador, M. C. (2005)

General Description

The Young Schema Questionnaire—YSQ-S3 is a widely-used self-report questionnaire including 90 items, measuring the 18 Early Maladaptive Schemas proposed by Young (1990). Each schema is evaluated using a set of five items listed randomly, which the individual rates using a Likert-type scale from 1 (completely untrue to me) to 6 (describes me perfectly). The YSQ’s psychometric properties have been extensively studied by several authors. Factor structure and discriminant power between clinical and nonclinical samples have also been studied. In Portuguese samples, a structure of 18 factors with moderate item-total correlations and high internal consistency (a = .97) was found (Rijo 2009). Portuguese validation studies were made in a community sample of 1226 adults and a 115 patient sample (mainly with at least one personality disorder diagnosis).

  • Rijo, D. (2017). O questionário de esquemas de Young (YSQ-S3). In M. Gonçalves, M. R. Simões, & L. Almeida (Eds), Psicologia clínica e da saúde: instrumentos de avaliação (159-173). Lisboa: PACTOR.

  • Young, J. (2005). The Young Schema Inventory, Standardized Items, 3rd version. Schema Therapy Institute, New York.


Daniel Rijo – drijo@fpce.uc.pt